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24 Best Motivational Books for Teachers

Good teachers are always good learners. They look forward to learn new things throughout their teaching phase.There are many motivational  books for teachers which help them to improve their teaching and personal skills.

Instead of just sticking on to a standard template, today’s teachers are always in search of novel ideas that keep away the boredom in classroom and make it more lively and engaging.

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At the same time, teaching profession is not that easy as you think and educators will have to go through a lot of challenging situations.

That is when a good motivation can help and even a simple word of inspiration from a genuine person can make things different. Getting inspired and motivated is not easy but some quality books for teachers can always play the trick.

Good books add quality to a person’s valuable reading time and motivational books can really make a difference in the way they go forward.

Here are a few among the best motivational books for teachers that can help them to improve everything about their teaching through realistic inspiration and motivational elements.

1) Finding Joy in Teaching Students of Diverse Backgrounds: “Culturally Responsive and Socially Just Practices in U.S. Classrooms by Sonia Nieto”

books for teachers

These awesome books for teachers is a must-read to celebrate diversity in classrooms.

Published in 2013, the content of this book remains fresh and unique through quality suggestions.

The author keeps reminding about the importance of teachers in enabling students from every single background to experience the power of community.

2) Teach Like Your Hair’s on Fire: The Methods and Madness Inside Room 56 by Rafe Esquith

books for teachers

Do you believe that a single teacher can make a difference in the lives of a group of students?

This book for teachers will clear all your doubts and make you understand that it is a reality.

Readers can come across interesting methods for building respect, trust, and passion for learning among students.

Beyond recognition, these smart techniques can actually help you see the students succeeding beyond expectations.

3) Never Work Harder Than Your Students and Other Principles of Great Teaching by Robyn R. Jackson

books for teachers

This is a good to have book in every educator’s library. The book covers about seven principles which are outstanding, doable strategies in order to build up a master teacher mindset.

Each chapter in the book refers to one exclusive principle.

This is about the relatable challenges when being a classroom teacher and the principles are meant to address it.

4) The Curious Classroom byHarveyDaniels:10 Structures for Teaching with Students Directed

books for teachers

In this interesting book, Daniels have shared inspiring ways to integrate student-led inquiry in the learning platforms, especially for elementary classrooms

. Readers can come across quite a few practical models and motivational examples of inquiry-based education from educators across the globe.

Its visual appeal is the highlight as it comes with full page snaps of student inquiry in action.

Also Read: Top 12 Motivational Stories for Students to work hard

5) The Freedom Writers Diary: How a Teacher and 150 Teens Used Writing to Change Themselves and the World Around Them by Erin Gruwell

books for teachers

This book was published long back in 1999 which is a writing collection from the students of Erin Gruwell.

The author was once the teacher who handled a batch of “unteachable” students.

The readers can come across the interesting methods she used to reach the students like assigning literature that can be related to, use of blank composition notebooks to share their ideas and views anonymously and engaging speakers.

Despite the odds, all the students in the batch graduated successfully.

6) What School Could Be: Insights and Inspiration from Teachers Across America by Ted Dintersmith

books for teachers

This amazing book is one of the best travelogues from American classrooms that highlight the role played by teachers in enabling students to overcome difficult circumstances.

The author gives hope that the students we teach can bring the change we need and teachers should never step back from their goals.

7) Cultivating Mindfulness in the Classroom by Jeanie M. Iberlin

books for teachers

This inspiring book for teachers is all about the research related to mindfulness based practices with students and detailed steps to follow in order to create a personalized program.

Educators who read it are sure to get motivated to promote a more compassionate classroom culture. They can start enabling students to understand advantages of mindfulness.

8) The First Days of School: How to be an Effective Teacher by Harry K. Wong and Rosemary T. Wong

books for teachers

In this amazing good read, author have come up with interesting ideas and strategies on effective classroom management from day one of teaching.

It is too good that this book is being used as part of many teacher training programs since it was introduced.

Educators can come across brilliant ideas on how to have more space and time for instruction.

9) Drive: The Surprising Truth About What Motivates Us by Daniel. H. Pink

books for teachers

This is a truly mind-blowing good read that helps readers to find out their inner motivation.

Anyone who is looking to figure out what actually motivates them gets the answer once they read this book.

Many educators are perplexed about what actually triggers them to perform better and the author has tried his best to help them.

10) How to Win Friends and Influence People by Dale Carnegie

books for teachers

This is one of the most influential self-help books that is widely praised and followed by educators across the globe.

Whether teaching a 5-year-old or 30 years old, the science of teaching is the same and the science-based tricks in the book are surely a confidence booster.

The book covers simple but successful strategies for developing leadership skills, enhancing self-confidence, and minimizing the cycle of stress.

11) Teacher Laughs: Quips, Quotes and Anecdotes about the Classroom by Allen Klein

books for teachers

The author understands that teaching is never an easy job and the associated stress can even be devastating at times.

However, a good laugh can save the situation in one or more of the cases and the author tries to offer targeted humour for educators of all times.

The book for teachers gives a message that laughter is a good medicine for things not in our control and inspires to move forward positively.

12) The Hidden Lives of Learners by Graham Nuthall

books for teachers

This awesome book takes readers to undiscovered world of learning.

The book gives a clear message that it doesn’t mean that the student learns just because a teacher teaches him.

He clearly points out what it actually takes for a student to learn and retain a concept.

The book is a complete outcome of his 40 years of research on learning and teaching.

13) Make it Stick: The Science of Successful Learning by Peter C. Brown

books for teachers

This is one of the great books for teachers from the author that highlights the science of successful learning.

The book is all about strategies and ideas about creatively tailoring to the diverse learning approaches of students and how to make the process a lot easier for them.

Educators can come across concrete techniques on how to become more productive learners.

14) Outliers: The Story of Success by Malcolm Gladwell

books for teachers

This must-read book comes with an interesting perspective about success.

Readers can understand that it is not always about thriving for success but it can be about the factors that make a man successful too.

Everything around you can be factors for success and the book teaches you to recognize opportunities for success and understand accomplishment.

15) Creating the Schools Our Children Need: Why What We’re Doing Now Won’t Help Much(And What We Can Do Instead: by Dylan Wiliam

books for teachers

This is a really thought-provoking book about creating the schools as actually needed by the students.

The book reminds us that why what we are doing now won’t help much and what we can do instead.

This is a good read for all teachers to assess the changes they need to make to improve the overall student learning.

16) I Am Malala: The Girl Who Stood Up for Education and Was Shot by the Taliban by Christina Lamb and Malala Yousafzai.

books for teachers

This is a mind blowing book that covers the personal stories of Malala Yousafzai who was the youngest to receive the Nobel Peace Prize.

This truly inspiring book is all about her fight for girls’ education in Pakistan.

Any educator who look forward to make a positive change to the societies where girls education are of least consideration can read the book to start making some difference.

17) Your First Year: How To Survive And Thrive As A New Teacher by Todd Whitaker, Madeline Whitaker Good,Katherine Whitaker

This is an indispensable book for new teachers who is looking for ways to survive their first challenges and succeed as a good teacher.

The team of authors are an internationally renowned educator Todd Whitaker and his daughters who are teachers of various grades.

The book covers advices and ideas of learning classroom management, setting up the classroom, planning effective lessons and about managing the change of emotions.

Also Read: Skills Teachers required to be effective in Teaching

18) What Teachers Make: In Praise of the Greatest Job in the World by Taylor Mali

This is one of the much loved books from a former teacher which was published back in the year 2002 based on her famous poem.

The book is all about her experiences as a teacher which is truly motivating for those looking to take up teaching as their profession.

The valuable notes shared in the book keeps on reminding teachers about why their job is so important.

19) Teaching from the Heart: Reflections, Encouragement, and Inspiration by Sharon M.Draper

The author of this book was awarded Teacher of the Year in 1997 and it is no wonder why this book is one of the favourites for educators.

This awesome book keeps reminding teachers on their purpose of taking up this noble profession.

The rewards and joys of teaching are highlighted in this book through interesting humorous and inspirational stories. At the same time, realities of the profession are equally covered without any ignorance.

20) Teaching Outside the Box: How to Grab Their Students by Their Brains by LouAnne Johnson

This good read from the teacher-turned-author is one of the best ever and most influential strategy guides published so far.

The book covers honest and effective techniques and strategies for engaging students, enhancing classroom management, and to advance critical thinking. This is more about how to grab students by their brains.

21) Readicide: How Schools are Killing Reading and What You Can Do About It by Kelly Gallagher

In this book, the author seems worried about how the habit of reading in our schools today is fading and he has come up with strategies to overcome the situation.

He has also shared extremely refreshing practices he follows as a teacher which has helped him to succeed in his career.

This book is really inspiring for the new teachers.

22) Today I Made a Difference: A Collection of Inspirational Stories from America’s Top Educators by Joseph W. Underwood

This good read is a collection of stories compiled by editor Joseph Underwood which answers two important questions.

Everyone knows that this profession has the drawback of low pay and long hours. The book answers why still teaching is considered as a profession by a fair amount of qualified people.

It comprises real-life stories of teachers who were Teacher of the Year Nominees in 2004 which gives a refreshing and inspiring look about the possible obstacles and how to overcome it to succeed in this career.

23) The Courage to Teach:Exploring the Inner Landscapes of a Teacher’s Life by Parker.J. Palmer

In this book, the author discusses the essence of being a successful educator.

According to him, it is all about establishing connections among teachers, their students, and the curriculum.

Unlike similar books, this gives a refreshing perspective about teaching and teachers can truly reflect on themselves and their profession.

24) The Teacher Liberation Handbook: How to leave School and Create a Place Where You and Young People Can Thrive by Joel Hammon

Educators who are looking to set up Liberated Learners Centers can find this book really interesting and motivating.

The book inspires young teachers to understand the importance of delivering meaningful and quality education and learning platforms for young people.

Anyone who read these books for teachers is sure to get motivated to create a self-directed learning center.

Conclusion

These are just a few among the many awesome books for teachers that can bring in good motivation and inspiration for teachers.

Moreover, real life stories in many such good books can really touch their heart and change their perception and perspective about being a good teacher.

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Good strategies and changing ways of teaching can always bring freshness in the classroom learning and students will tend to love learning than ever before.

24 Interesting Facts and Information about Christmas

With Christmas just around the corner, all of us are fascinated about the mesmerizing memories it used to give. It’s a period of merriment with family and friends. Make your little ones engage in the celebrations. It would be exciting for them to know some interesting facts about Christmas.

1. The term “Christmas”

Christmas is derived from Old English “cristes masses” means, “Mass of Christ”.

The shortened form of Christmas is “X mas” or “X mass”, it is being used from 16 th century.

2. World’s Tallest Christmas Tree

The tallest Christmas tree was erected and decorated in Seattle, Washington. It measured about 221ft tall. It was displayed in the year 1950, December.

3. Here comes the Candy Canes

Candy canes are invented in Germany in 1837.This was first exhibited in Massachusetts in USA.  It was made as ‘J’ shaped as “j” for Jesus. The red stripes are used to symbolize his blood.

Early recipes of candy canes are simply sugar flavored, but now flavors of peppermint and wintergreen are also used.

4. It’s Finger Lickin’ Good

facts about christmas

Christmas in Japan means to have KFC!

In Japan it is a tradition to eat KFC for Christmas. They need to place orders in advance, at least two months before.

5. Jingle Bells , Jingle Bells…

Jingle all the way!

This was originally a Thanksgiving song written by James Pierpont between 1853 and 1857. It was originally called “One Horse Open Sleigh”. It was the first song played in space by astronauts Thomas P Stafford and Walter Schirra Jr .

6. Christmas Shopping

facts about christmas

It’s interesting to note that 1 in 3 men used to wait until Christmas Eve to do their shopping.

7. Biggest Christmas Gift Ever!

facts about christmas

Christmas is the time of sharing gifts with your friends and families. People either buy lovely gifts or make gifts to present to their loved ones. Do you know which is the best Christmas gift ever presented?

The Statue of Liberty was gifted to US by France in 1886. It is the biggest Christmas gift presented ever.

8. Christmas Trees

facts about christmas

Christmas trees usually grow for about 15 years before they can be sold. It grows up to a height of 6 to 7 feet tall.  It was commercially sold in U.S. from 1850s.

For every Christmas tree being harvested, one to three seedlings are planted in the following spring.

9. Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer

facts about christmas

Rudolph the Red Nosed Reindeer was first an advertising gimmick for Montgomery Ward in 1839.This is a Christmas classic and a beloved watch every year.

10. Illness and Christmas left over’s…

As Christmas is a time for gathering, leftovers are a main part. It is believed that more than 40,000 illnesses are caused by Christmas leftovers.

11. Christmas according to Bible

According to the Bible, Christ was not actually born in winter, and it’s said that Christmas is not about Christ’s birthday.

12. A Christmas Carol

Charles Dickens loved to celebrate Christmas. He took only six weeks to write A Christmas Carol. It was published in the year 1843.

13. Facts about Christmas Cards

facts about christmas

It is estimated that Americans buy about 1.6 billion Christmas cards every year. Sir Henry Cole and John Horsley are credited with the invention of Christmas cards. Their original card fetched about 20,000 pounds.

The most expensive card in the world was being sold at an auction in the UK city of Devizes.

14. High Demand for Visa cards

facts about christmas

During the Christmas season, visa cards are being used about 1000 times every minute.

15. The White House Christmas Tree

facts about christmas

In the year 1889, Franklin Pierce was the first president to put up an official Christmas tree in White House. It was placed in the second floor Yellow Oval room. This tree was decorated with toys, candles for Harrison’s grandchildren.

16. Lego during Christmas

facts about christmas

During the Christmas season, almost 28 sets of LEGO are sold every second. It is believed that every person on the earth possess an average of 80 Lego bricks.

17. Santa Claus

Initially Santa Claus wore different color robes.  In the late 1800s Santa Claus was first used for promotion by Coca-Cola Company for their winter promotions with an outfit of red suit. This began portraying him as a jolly man in red.

18. Yule- Tree

facts about christmas

Yule tress goes back in Pagan tradition. It is the other name for Christmas tree. It was decorated initially with candles and stars.

19. Synonyms for Christmas

During olden times, other names for Christmas were; ‘Midwinter’, ‘Nativity’ and ‘Yule’, ‘Feast day’ etc

20. Christmas Tree Decoration

It is believed that Christmas tree decoration was first started in the 16th century in Germany. It was first decorated in Riga, Latvia, 1510. The tradition of using evergreen trees to celebrate winter started before the birth of Christ.

21. The ‘X’ in ‘X -mas

The ‘X’ in ‘X -mas refers to ‘Christ’ according to Greeks, it dates back to the 16th century. The “X” in “X mas” was derived from the Greek language.

22. Largest Christmas Tree

Evergreen trees and plants have a special meaning for people during winter. Christmas trees are erected and decorated worldwide. The largest floating Christmas tree in the world is in Rio Janerio is 278 feet tall.

23. ‘Twelve Holy Days’

The period from December 25- January 5 is referred to as ‘Christmastide’ or ‘Twelve Holy Days’. During these days the families get together and sing carols and hymns and recite prayers.

24. The Three Wise Men

This is one of the biggest facts about Christmas that too many people don’t know.

During this season, gifts are shared symbolizing the gifts given to Christ (p.b.h.u) by the three wise men.

The name of three wise men who visited Jesus Christ was Gaspar(or Caspar), Melchior, Balthazar.

The gifts are bought from the east of  Israel in Arabia. This is one of the biggest facts about Christmas that too many people don’t know.

Conclusion

Festivals are always a period of joy and fun. All celebrations begin at home and the memories are cherished in the years to come.

Also Read: 9 New Year Resolution Every Student Should have for 2020

Have a glance at the facts about Christmas and feel the spirit of this joyous festival. Remember to partake your little ones by decorating your lovely home, cake making, Christmas tree decorations etc. Enjoy the season and spread joy!!!

 

15 Top Tech Skills in Demand in 2020

2020 isn’t far away. As a professional, you might be focusing on the changes happening in your workplace and how to mold yourself into these tech skills.

We are concerned about the fact that the IT field is a dynamic one with so much happening day today. So software engineers should stay updated with these emerging tech skills.

Let’s have a look at some of the top tech skills that will be in demand in 2020.

>>Table of Content<<


1. Machine LearningSubset of AI. Scientific study of algorithms and statistics models.

2. Data Visualization– Graphic representation of data using statistical graphics plots etc.

3. UI/UX Design– Designing of user interfaces for machines and software

4. Cyber Security– Protection of computer system from theft or damage of software, hardware etc

5. Cloud Computing – It is the on demand availability of computer system resources.

6. Artificial Intelligence–  Intelligence demonstrated by machines

7. Data Science– Data Science is the same concept as data mining and big data.

8. Digital Marketing(SEO/SEM Marketing)– Marketing of products in internet.

9. Mobile Application Development– Process of developing mobile apps for various purposes

10. Software Testing– Process of testing a software app with the intent of finding bugs.

11. Business Analysis– Study of identifying business needs and determining solutions to business problems

12. Natural Language Processing– Interaction between computer and human languages

13. Industrial Design– Designing products for a larger audience

14. Extended Reality(AR and VR)– real and virtual environments created by computer graphics.

15. Blockchain-transaction database based on Bit coin database

1. Machine Learning

tech skills in demand

Machine learning is one of the exciting technology that one would have ever come across. It is one of the most profitable and innovative skills you can learn.

IT firms have already started depending on and adapting solutions based on ML models. There are numerous use cases of machine learning, such as from voice-enabled assistants to chatbots. The companies using artificial intelligence and machine learning will be on the top-notch tech firms in the 2020s.

Machine learning can be applied to diverse industry including finance, education, health care, agriculture, etc.  Those IT experts who started educating in AI and ML themselves are sure to earn top salaries in 2020.

2. Data Visualization

tech skills in demand

An approach to foreground key data by placing it in a visual context. The importance of data science and importing of cloud computing are increasing at a random pace, it will result in the rise of demand for data visualization in the 2020s. Data visualization acts as a bridge between technical and non-technical persons and it helps in the transformation of information to collected by analysts into visual form.

3. UI/UX Design

tech skills in demand

In this digital era, the demand for UI/UX designers is also increasing. Most of the good companies are searching for professionals with best user interface (UI)or User experience (UX) experienced specialists. Candidates possessing good creative skills are hired by top companies because the design aspect of software applications is a major concern these days.

4. Cyber Security

Data breaching is one of the unpleasant things a company can ever witness. Most of the companies collect customers’ sensitive data and keeping their network a secured one is beneficial. Data breaching can affect a company both financially and branding perspective. So considering these scenarios, cybersecurity will be one of the demanding skills in the 2020s.

5. Cloud Computing

Cloud computing has become prominent in recent years. Using any internet service relies on cloud computing.

As most of the companies rely on internet-enabled, connected devices, the demand for cloud computing jobs are also increasing. The scope for these tech skills is sure to increase in the 2020s.

6. Artificial Intelligence

Artificial Intelligence is on the rise and its usage is also rapidly increasing. AI refers to the ability of machines to work and react like humans. This makes computers intelligent with the capacity to think, problem-solving, voice recognition, learning, planning, correct self, etc. In recent years AI is mostly used in voice recognition and chatbots.

The impact of artificial intelligence in the field of education, health, public utilities are sure to increase in the coming years.

7. Data Science

Data Science is a multidisciplinary field which blends various tools including scientific methods, algorithms, processes, and system to get data.  A data scientist will look and analyze data from many angles, sometimes with angles not known earlier. So data science is used for making predictions and decisions with the help of predictive and prescriptive analytics and machine learning.

8. Digital Marketing(SEO/SEM Marketing)

Digital Marketing refers to the marketing of products and brands on the internet using digital technologies. Marketing is done to reach customers via various online media platforms. The ultimate goal of a digital marketer is to display its products in sites with heavy traffic so as to reach many customers. It uses banners or display advertising to attract the audience to lead to sales.

The demand for a digital marketer is increasing and also the take-home pay of a digital advertising professional will also increase bt 2020s.

9. Mobile Application Development

tech skills in demand

Yet another in-demand skill. Since mobile apps are booming these days and everything has an app today. We all depend on different apps are our various purposes.

Diverse apps are being used in the fields of delivery, health, gaming, insurance, etc. These apps are available on iOS and web platforms. In this scenario, the demand for mobile app developers has also increased.

10. Software Testing

tech skills in demand

Every software needs frequent testing to keep it updated in terms of quality and function. Basically, software testing helps to identify how much software meets its user needs. It also helps to detect and fix security defects.

The demand for a software tester is increasing, the salaries vary from company to company though a rise in earning depends on the experience level.

11. Business Analysis

tech skills in demand

Business analysis is the discipline of identifying business needs and developing adequate solutions to business problems. Business analysts often deal with giving valuable organizational changes for stakeholders.

All changes including strategy, system, etc are identified by a business analyst.

Studies show that the rise in demand for business analysts will increase by 2020s.

12. Natural Language Processing

tech skills in demand

Natural Language Processing is the technology used to make computers understand the natural language of humans. NLP integrates artificial intelligence, computer science, and information engineering.

In NLP, codes are being carried to the computers to understand human expressions. These systems are able to understand its user intents. So, it ultimately aims computers to read, decipher, understand and make sense of human languages in a valuable and beneficial manner.

13. Industrial Design

tech skills in demand

Industrial design refers to product designs that target a large audience. These mainly focus on functionality, appearance, manufacturability, etc.

All the products that we use every day are a result of the design process during which many opinions are put forward by an industrial designer. Industrial designer mainly stresses on improving the lives of people through well-executed design.

14. Extended Reality(AR and VR)

tech skills in demand

Extended Reality (XR) is the collaboration of both virtual reality and augmented reality. This has become common in use not just for entertainment but is widely used in the fields of education, health, manufacturing, advertisement, etc.

Most of the industries have already adopted XR technology. So in 2020s XR technicians will be in high demand for sure.

15. Blockchain

tech skills in demand

This is an undeniably ingenious invention.

Originally it was devised for the digital currency Bitcoin but today technology is finding potentials for blockchain-like storage, crowdfunding, identity management, peer to peer payments, digital voting, etc.

Some of the blockchain skills include Python, Java, Javascript, Solidity, C++ etc.

To wrap up

It’s time for a tech change. Here we have discussed some of the emerging tech skills in demand. These skills highlight the rising trend, its influence, and the progress of a digital era.

Know More: 35 Best Teacher Interview Questions

So invest your time and money wisely in learning the most adequate skills best suited for you.

25 Popular Freedom Fighters of India

Behind the celebration of Independence on 15th August, 1947, there is a much violent and chaotic history of fierce rebellions, wars and movements done by thousands of spirited Indian freedom fighters.All these freedom fighters of India fought, struggled and even sacrificed their lives in an effort to free India from British rule.

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To end the reign of foreign imperialists and their Colonialism in India, a great number of revolutionaries and activists from diverse family backgrounds came together and embarked on a mission. Many of us might have heard of some of them, but there are so many prominent heroes whose contributions have not been celebrated.
To respect their efforts and devotion, we have made a list of 25 top freedom fighters of India, without them we wouldn’t be breathing in Independent India.

1. SardarVallabhbhai Patel

freedom fighters of india

  • Born: 31 October 1875, Nadia
  • Died: 15 December 1950, Mumbai
  • Full name: Vallabhbhai Jhaverbhai Patel
  • Nicknames: Bismarck of India, Strong (Iron) Man, Sardar, Iron Man Of India
  • Awards: Bharat Ratna
Most brave and epic from the young age, Vallabhbhai Patel was born in 1875 and earned the title ‘Sardar’ after his heroic contribution in BardoliSatyagrah. Due to his brave endeavors, he eventually began to be regarded as ‘the iron man of India.’. Sardar Patel was originally a lawyer but he withdrew from law and joined freedom fight to represent India against British rulers. He became the Deputy PM of India after the independence and dedicated himself to integrate princely states into the Union India.

2. Jawaharlal Nehru

freedom fighters of india

Jawaharlal Nehru was the only son of Motilal Nehru and Swarup Rani and was born in 1889. Nehru was originally a barrister and became popular as both freedom fighter of india and a politician. His passion for India’s freedom was the influence of Mahatma Gandhi’s efforts to relieve India from Britishers. He joined the freedom struggle, became the President of Indian National Congress and was eventually made the First Prime Minister of India post the independence. Since he adored children, he was called Chacha Nehru and his birthday is celebrated as Children’s day.

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3. Mahatma Gandhi

freedom fighters of india

  • Born: 2 October 1869, Porbandar
  • Full name: Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi
  • Assassinated: 30 January 1948, New Delhi
  • Spouse: Kasturba Gandhi (m. 1883–1944)

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born in 2nd October, 1869 and was entitled “Father of Nation” and Mahatma Gandhi because of his great deeds. Married to Kasturba at 13, he studied law in London and went to South Africa for practice where racial discrimination towards some Indians inspired him to fight for human rights. Later, after watching the status of India ruled by Englishmen, Gandhi fiercely joined the freedom fight. He took “DandiKuch” on his bare foot to relieve tax on salt and led several non-violence movements against Britishers in efforts for freedom.

4. Tantia Tope

freedom fighters of india

Tantia Tope was born in 1814 and became one of the great classic Indian rebellions in 1857. He led a group of soldier and to fight and end the dominance of the British. A firm follower of Nana Sahib, he served as General and continued his fight despite extreme circumstances. Tantia made General Windham to leave Kanpur and was involved in reinstating Rani Lakshmi to Gwalior.

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5. Nana Sahib

freedom fighters of india

Nana Sahib was a significant contributor in 1857 uprising in which he led a group of ardent rebellions.He overwhelmed the British forces in Kanpur and threatened British camp by killing the survivors of the force. Audacious and fearless, Nana Sahib was a skilled administrator as well who prepared and ledthousands of Indian soldiers.

6. Lal Bahadur Shastri

freedom fighters of india

Lal Bahadur Shastri was born in 1904 in UP. He received the title “Shastri” Scholar after he completed his study at Kashi Vidyapeeth. As a silent yet active freedom fighter, he participated in Quit India movement, Civil Disobedience movement and Salt Satyagrah movement led by Mahatma Gandhi. He also spent many years in Jail. After the independence, he graced the position of Home Minister and later became Prime Minister of India in 1964.

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7. Subhash Chandra Bose

freedom fighters of india

Famous with the title Netaji, Subhas Chandra Bose was born in 1897 in Orissa. The Jallianwala bagh Massacre potentially shook him and made him return to India from England in 1921. He joined Indian National Congress and was a part of Civil Disobedience Movement. Since he wasn’t content with Non-Violence method of freedom as promoted by Gandhi Ji, he went to Germany for help and eventually formed Indian National Army (INA) and Azad Hind Government.

8. Sukhdev

freedom fighters of india

  • Born: 15 May 1907, Ludhiana
  • Died: 23 March 1931, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Siblings: Jagdish Chand Thapar, Prakash Chand Thapar, Mathuradass Thapar, Krishna Thapar, Jaidev Thapar
  • Parents: Ralli DeviRamlal Thapar
  • Education: National College of Arts, National College, Lahore
  • Children: Madhu Sehgal

Born in 1907, Sukhdev was a valiant revolutionary and an integral member of Hindustan Socialist Republican Association. He worked close with his associates Bhagat Singh and Shivram Rajguru. He was said to be involved in killing a British officer John Saunders.Unfortunately, he was arrested and martyred along with Bhagat Singh and Shivaram Rajguru at the age of 24.

9. Kunwar Singh

freedom fighters of india

  • Born: November 1777, Jagdishpur
  • Died: 26 April 1858, Jagdishpur
  • Full name: Babu Veer Kunwar Singh
  • Nickname: Veer Kunwar Singh
  • Nationality: Indian

Born in November 1777, Kunwar Singh led a force of soldiers against the British in Bihar at the age of 80. Clever and deceptive, Kunwar Singh was fondly called Veer Kunwar Singh due to his intimidating bravery. He targeted British Troops with guerrilla warfare tactics and defeated British forces heavily. Kunwar Singh is always remembered for his young audacity, passion and respectable bravery.

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10. Rani Lakshmi Bai

freedom fighters of india

  • Born: 19 November 1828, Varanasi
  • Died: 18 June 1858, Gwalior
  • Full name: Manikarnika Tambe
  • Spouse: Raja Gangadhar Rao Newalkar (m. 1842–1853)
  • Parents: Moropant Tambe, Bhagirathi Sapre
  • Children: Damodar Rao of Jhansi, Anand Rao

Rani Lakhsmi Bai, the Queen of Jhansi, was born in 1828. She was a key member of India’s fierce uprising of independence in 1857. Despite being a woman, she embodied bravery and fearless attitude, inspiring thousands of women to participate the freedom battle. She bravely defended her palaceof Jhansi in 1858 when it was to be invaded by British force led by Sir Hugh Rose.

11. Bal Gangadhar Tilak

freedom fighters of india

  • Born: 23 July 1856, Chikhali
  • Died: 1 August 1920, Mumbai
  • Nickname: Lokmanya Tilak
  • Full name: Keshav Gangadhar Tilak

Bal GangadharTilak was born in 1856 and was a remarkable freedom fighters of India. In a raging protest against British, he created burning flame across the nation with the slogan – “Swaraj is my birthright”. He was more popular as one of the triumvirate: Lal, Bal and Pal. To defy English rulers, Tilakbuilt schools and published rebellious newspapers. Since people loved and respected him as one of the greatest leaders, he was called Lokmanya Tilak.

12. LalaLajpat Rai

freedom fighters of india

  • Born: 28 January 1865, Dhudike
  • Died: 17 November 1928, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Nickname: Punjab Kesari
  • Education: Government College University, Government Higher Secondary School, Rewari
  • Parents: Gulab Devi, Radha Krishan

LalaLajpat Rai was born in 1865 in Punjab and was informally called Punjab Kesari. A part of Lal-Bal-Pal trio, he was one of the extremist members of Indian National Congress. In 1920, he became a popular leader as he led the Non-Cooperation Movement and Punjab Protest against the Jalliawala Bagh incident. In a Simon Commission protest in 1928, he died from brutal Lathi charge by the Britishers.

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13. Mangal Pandey

freedom fighters of india

  • Born: 19 July 1827, Nagwa
  • Died: 8 April 1857, Barrackpore
  • Nationality: Indian
  • Known for: Indian independence fighter
  • Parents: Abhairani Pandey, Divakar Pandey

Born in 1827, Mangal Pandey was one the early freedom fighter. He was among the first rebels to inspire young Indian soldiers to instigate the great rebellion of 1857. Serving as a soldier for the British East India Company, Pandey launched a first attack by firing at English officials, which was the beginning of the Indian rebellion in 1857.

14. Vinayak Damodar Savarkar

freedom fighters of india

  • Born: 28 May 1883, Bhagur
  • Died: 26 February 1966, Mumbai
  • Party: Hindu Mahasabha
  • Education: City Law School (1909), Fergusson College (1902–1905), Wilson College, Mumbai, Mumbai University (MU)
  • Children: Vishwas Savarkar, Prabhat Chiplunkar, Prabhakar Savarkar

Vinayak Damodar Savarkar was born in 1883 and spent his life being a passionate activist and Indian revolutionary. He founded Abhinav Bharat Society and Free India Society. He was known as Swatantryaveer Savarkar. As a writer, he also wrote a piece titled ‘The Indian War of Independence’ that included glorious details about the struggles of the Indian uprising of 1857.

Also Read: 9 Union Territories of India and their Capitals

15. C. Rajagopalachari

  • Born: 10 December 1878, Thorapalli
  • Died: 25 December 1972, Chennai
  • Nicknames: CR, Mango of Krishnagiri, Rajaji
  • Education: Presidency college(autonomous), Bangalore central University (1894), Bangalore University
  • Awards: Bharat Ratna

Born in 1878, C Rajagopalachari was a lawyer by profession but later joined the Indian National Congress in 1906 to become a respected Congress representative. He was a devoted follower of Mahatma Gandhi and defended a revolutionary P. Varadarajulu Naidu. He also actively participated in the Non-Cooperation Movement led by Lajpat Rai.

16. Bhagat Singh

  • Born: 28 September 1907, Banga, Pakistan
  • Died: 23 March 1931, Lahore Central Jail, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Education: National College, Lahore, National College of Arts, Dayanand Anglo-Vedic Schools System
  • Siblings: Bibi Amar Kaur, Bibi Shakuntla, Kultar Singh, Rajinder Singh, Kulbir Singh, Bibi Parkash Kaur, Jagat Singh, Ranbir Singh
  • Parents: Vidyavati, Sardar Kishan Singh Sandhu

Bhagat Singh was quite a famous revolutionary and also controversial Freedom Fighters of India as he became proud martyr for his country. He was born to a Sikh family of freedom fighters in 1907 in Punjab. He was therefore a born patriot and joined non-Cooperation movement in 1921. He formed the “Naujawan Bharat Sabha”, to instill patriotism in youth of Punjab. Chauri-Chaura Massacre changed him and made him extreme in his fight for freedom.

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17. Dadabhai Naoroji

  • Born: 4 September 1825, Navsari
  • Died: 30 June 1917, Mumbai
  • Organizations founded: Indian National Congress, Zoroastrian Trust Funds of Europe, National Congress, London Indian Society
  • Parents: Naoroji Palanji Dordi, Manekbai Naoroji Dordi
  • Education: Mumbai University (MU), Elphinstone College

DadabhaiNaoroji was born in 1825 and is accountable for establishing the Indian National Congress. He is also one of the prominent activists to have joined the non-violence independent movement. He criticized in one of his books about British colonialism in India being equivalent to stealing wealth from the country.

18. Ram Prasad Bismil

  • Born: 11 June 1897, Shahjahanpur
  • Died: 19 December 1927, Gorakhpur Jail, Gorakhpur
  • Nationality: British Raj
  • Organization: Hindustan Socialist Republican Association
  • Books: Musings from the Gallows: Autobiography of Ram Prasad Bismil, Kranti Geetanjali, Nij Jeevan Ki Ek Chhata, Atmakatha
  • Parents: Moolmati, Murlidhar

Like Shahid Bhagat Singh, Ram Prasad Bismil was also a memorable young revolutionary who martyred for his country. Born in 1897, Bismil was one of the respectable members of the Hindustan Republican Association with Sukhdev. He was also involved in the notorious Kakori train robbery because of which British government sentenced him to death.

19. K. M. Munshi

  • Born: 30 December 1887, Bharuch
  • Died: 8 February 1971, Mumbai
  • Education: The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda
  • Books: Lomaharshini, Prithivivallabh, Lopamudra, MORE
  • Children: Girish Munshi, Jagadish Munshi, Usha Raghupathi, Lata Munshi, Sarla Sheth
  • Organizations founded: Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan

Born in 1887, K.M. Munshi established Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan and emerged as a strong freedom fighter as he participated in Salt Satyagraha and Quit India movement with Mahatma Gandhi. He also joined Swaraj Party and Indian National Congress. He was a strong follower of Sardar Patel, Gandhi and Sayajirao Gaekwad and was also arrested many a time for his freedom protests.

20. Bipin Chandra Pal 

  • Born: 7 November 1858, Habiganj District, Bangladesh
  • Died: 20 May 1932, Kolkata
  • Books: The Soul of India: A Constructive Study of Indian Thoughts & Ideals, MORE
  • Parents: Ramchandra Pal, Narayani Devi
  • Education: St. Paul’s Cathedral Mission College, Presidency University
  • Spouse: Birajmohini Devi (m. 1891), Nrityakali Devi (m. 1881)

Bipin Chandra Pal, born in 1858 was a substantial part of the Indian National Congress. He is an unforgettable revolutionary. He encouraged the the abandonment of foreign goods. He formed an association with LalaLajpat Rai and Bal Gangadhar Tilak, a Lal-Pal-Bal trio, and together he executed many revolutionary activities for the country.

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21. Chandra Shekhar Azad 

  • Born: 23 July 1906, Bhavra
  • Died: 27 February 1931, Chandrashekhar Azad Park
  • Full name: Chandrashekhar Tiwari
  • Nickname: Azad
  • Education: Mahatma Gandhi Kashi Vidyapith
  • Parents: Sitaram Tiwari, Jagrani Devi

Chandra Shekhar Azad was born in 1906 and was a close associate of Bhagat Singh in the struggle for freedom. He was also a part of Hindustan Republican Association and the most fearless and challenging freedom fighter against British rulers. During a skirmish with British soldiers, after killing many enemies he shot himself with his Colt pistol. He swore he would never be captured alive by those Britishers.

22. Chittaranjan Das

  • Born: 5 November 1870, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Died: 16 June 1925, Darjeeling
  • Nickname: Deshbandhu
  • Title: “Deshbandhu” (Friend of the Nation)
  • Parents: Nistarini Devi, Bhuban Mohan Das

Born in 1870, Chittaranjan Das was a lawyer by profession and the real founder of the Swaraj Party. Famous as Deshbandhu, he also took part in the Indian National Movement. As a law practitioner, he successfully defended Aurobindo Ghosh who was charged with a said crime by the British. Subhash Chandra Bose was mentored by Chittaranjan.

23. Abdul Hafiz Mohamed Barakatullah

  • Born: 7 July 1854, Bhopal
  • Died: 20 September 1927, San Francisco, California, United States
  • President: Mahendra Pratap

Abdul Hafiz Mohamed Barakatullah was born in 1854 and has uniquely fought for the nation’s freedom. He was a co-founder of Ghadar Party that was operated overseas from San Francisco. Being an overseas revolutionary, he took pen as a fighting weapon and published blazing articles in England’s leading daily to incite the fire of Independence.

24.Ashfaqulla Khan

  • Born: 22 October 1900, Shahjahanpur
  • Died: 19 December 1927, Faizabad
  • Organization: Hindustan Socialist Republican Association
  • Other name: Ashfaq Ulla Khan.
  • Parents: Mazhoor-Un-Nisa, Shafiq Ullah Khan
  • Siblings: Riyasat Ullah Khan

Born in 1900, Ashfaqulla Khan was another young fountain of revolutionary fire who also sacrificed his life for his mother India like many other martyrs in the list. Like Bismil and Chandrashekha, he, too, was a prominent member of the Hindustan Republican Association. He carried out the popular train robbery at Kakori Khan with the help of his associates, which led him to being executed by the British.

25. Begum Hazrat Mahal

  • Born: 1820, Faizabad
  • Died: 7 April 1879, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Nationality: British Raj
  • Spouse: Wajid Ali Shah (m. ?–1879)
  • Children: Birjis Qadr

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Born in 1820, Hazrat Mahal participated in the 1857 mutiny to insurrect against British rulers. She worked along with the leaders like NanaSaheb and Maulavi of Faizabad. She single-handedly defended Lucknow, leading the troops when her husband was away. She also fought to stop the demolition of temples and mosques after which she retreated to Nepal.

Conclusion

These brave Indian freedom fighters fought for our motherland and many among them sacrificed their lives for the freedom of our country. Let us remember all of these freedom fighters of India and be proud for them.

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24 Thanksgiving Ideas and Activities for Schools 

Thanksgiving is celebrated on the fourth Thursday of November every year.

As the name suggests, this is the time to thank or appreciate the people and things in our life we are grateful for.

This is really a great occasion for schools, offices, and families to have some fun time and celebrate togetherness.

Kids are always looking for such special days to get out of the boredom of daily lessons and enjoy with school mates and friends.

Teachers often take special interest to bring in some great activities for the students to give a good break for them from busy study schedules.

There will be lots of arts, crafts, creative plays, and fun worksheets. Teachers will surely be looking for incorporating awesome activities that can not only bring fun but also improve their reading, vocabulary and creative and critical thinking.

Thanksgiving is around the corner.

Are you looking for interesting Thanksgiving ideas and activities to make the day special for the students?!

Here we are sharing a few of the much-loved fun and easy activities that can make the Thanksgiving Day celebrations really enjoyable for the students.

1. Thanksgiving Crosswords

This is a fun thanksgiving activity that can be given to the students on the eve of Thanksgiving. It is a good opportunity for students to learn more about the holiday history.

Teachers can go for many interesting crosswords available online or create a fresh one on your own.

You can brief about the special day before the activity and discuss the answers after the time frame to help them have a complete picture.

2. Thanksgiving Turkey

This is an interesting writing and coloring activity that makes students think harder about the real meaning of gratitude.

All students are given a page of feathers and a turkey to color. For every feather, students have to write about something or someone to whom they are really thankful for.

Meanwhile, they can color it, cut it out and stick the feathers to design an adorable Turkey for the special day.

3. Thanksgiving Men

Students are asked to prepare a comparison chart of the items included in the very first Thanksgiving Day and the present menu.

They can even prepare a chart to compare the menu items for celebrations in North America and other parts of the world. This will improve their research skills and help them to get their facts right.

4. Thanksgiving Word Searches

This thanksgiving activity can be tried out by students of all grades. Students can find this as a great opportunity to reinforce vocabulary, spelling skills and problem-solving.

You can create a puzzle on your own or download from a variety of templates available online.

There are different categories like holiday word search or fall word search puzzles from which students have to figure out a specific number or set of words.

5. Popcorn Race

This is an interactive game to make the classroom live on this special day. Divide the class into two groups and let them name their team with a Thanksgiving-style name.

Give two bowls to each team, one empty and one with popcorn kernels.

Place the empty bowl on one side and popcorn bowl on the opposite side. Let each of the teams line up with a spoon in everyone’s hand.

Ask them to transfer the popcorn using spoons to fill up the empty bowl. The team that moves all kernels first wins.

Also Read: Top 15 School Bus Tracking Apps

6. Thanksgiving Bingo

Bingo is always a great fun game for students of all grades. In this particular Bingo, you can include words that connect well to Thanksgiving Day.

This is a great way to improve their vocabulary associated with this celebration. For higher grades, you can make it even more challenging with playing combinations like edges, four corners and finally full card.

7. Play T-Day True or False

This is a great opportunity for students to do thorough research and get a better understanding of the Thanksgiving Day facts.

Give students enough time to be prepared with the facts about the day. On the activity day, teachers can group the class into two and read out statements about T-Day.

Each student from a group can take their turn to write if it is True or False on the blackboard. A teacher can finally add up points to announce the winning team and correct them if their facts are not right.

8. Reach out to the Community

Schools can use this as an opportunity to think big about helping at least the nearest community.

Let students come out with plans about small thanksgiving ideas they can do together to contribute some goodness to the society. This can be something like cleaning the nearby playground or planting trees in a free area.

Everybody can sit together and discuss these plans and choose some realistic thanksgiving ideas and work on it.

9. Turkey Spelling Game

This is a creative and fun spelling activity. Teacher has to first write a Thanksgiving special word like ‘TURKEY’ on the class board.

Divide the class into two groups. A student from each group can now take the turn to form a word using only the alphabets of this particular word (Example: Key).

When one team fails to write a word, the other team wins. Or you can continue the game with more ‘words’.

10. Thanksgiving Poems

This is a great way to bring in some art and creativity and introduce poetic vocabulary to students.

In this activity, students are asked to write a poem based on anything that can be related to Thanksgiving Day.

It can be about the memories of old celebrations or about how you wish to celebrate the upcoming Thanksgiving. They can later share their poems in front of the class and may even tune it to make a song out of it.

11. Disguise a Turkey

This is a fun art project in which you can incorporate anything like writing connections and literacy.

There are fun turkey books available from which you can discuss turkey disguise projects through short stories or poems.

If you are out of thanksgiving ideas, just go online to find many turkey templates.

12. Make a Gratitude Tree

This is an amazing mindfulness activity for students on this special day. Students can take this as a great opportunity to count their blessings.

This practice is heartwarming, easy and fun to do and it is even backed by science as it enhances social intelligence and happiness. All that you need is Twigs or tree branches, vase, colored paper to make leaves, and string to hang leaves.

13. Thanksgiving Charades and Pictionary

This is a fun thanksgiving activity that keeps students in their toe with full-on energy. The classroom can be divided into two groups. Each student from a group can take a turn to come in front of a classroom when a volunteer from another team will secretly convey a Thanksgiving word.

The student has to act the word or draw it on the board depending on the game rules. His/her team can try guessing the words when they act or draw. Repeat the activity with other teams and so on.

14. Thanksgiving Timeline

In this activity, students are asked to design a timeline of the Thanksgiving celebrations. They have to do research on what all celebrations or rituals were there on the very first Thanksgiving Day.

And they can frame a timeline with what all changes happened year after year and finally the insights of the upcoming Thanksgiving.

15. Thanksgiving Matching Game

This interesting activity can trigger their memory skills. First of all, the classroom can be divided into groups and provide cards of Thanksgiving symbols.

This includes corn, pilgrim, turkey, America Indian, tepee, log cabin, leaves, canoe, etc.

Each team gets two cards each of the same symbols. The supervisor can now scramble the cards and give them back and ask to match the pairs. The team that does the job first wins.

Also Read: Geography Quiz  For Kids (107 Questions and Answers)

16. “Secret Friend” Exercise

This is one of the very common but really interesting activities in school for many celebrations and Thanksgiving is no exception.

Teachers can coordinate all students for this activity at least a week before when they can choose a ‘secret friend’ from paper lots with names of all students.

And on a special day, they can disclose their secret friend and give a special gift.

17. Thanksgiving Posters

As students get a few days off from studies on this eve, let them do research posters on Thanksgiving on their return.

The teacher can divide them into small groups and give them a topic or a particular area of the celebration to make posters. The topics can include Autumn Equinox, ancient harvest celebrations, or different countries that celebrate the harvest.

18. Pass the Plate

On this special day, the family usually invites their friends and dear ones home and serve them special meals.

Why not make it a classroom activity? Students can invite friends from other classes and serve them ‘food’. In this activity, you can use actual paper plates in which they can write down the food name and the ingredients.

It can be made more fun by bringing lots of food magazines and they can cut out pictures and paste on plates or make them draw it.

19. Thanksgiving Quiz

This is an interesting activity that can be performed on a special day. A lot of Thanksgiving quizzes are available online for various class grades.

Teachers can personalize the quiz for a specific set of students. It can even be made a competitive activity by conducting classroom wise or by making it a whole school quiz activity.

A special Thanksgiving gift can be offered for the winning team.

20. Thanksgiving Recipes for Kids

This is also a great occasion for making and sharing delicious foodies. Teachers can arrange a session where students can be involved in making simple recipes.

Give enough guidance to make sweet potato pie, turkey cookies, and marshmallow pilgrim hats or let them research new cool recipes. Let them surprise their mother and family members with these recipes on Thanksgiving.

21. Thanksgiving Puzzles

This is a good option for the lower grade students and they will have fun.

Teachers can opt for a variety of Thanksgiving puzzles like fill in the words puzzle, spelling maze, circle the correct word, word building, fill in the missing letter and a lot more.

Make sure that these puzzles are customized for the special day to make it fun.

22. Research Global Celebrations

This is an interesting activity that can be given to high school students.

Even when the celebrations for Thanksgiving are at peak in the United States of America, people in many other countries also celebrate the festival in their own ways.

In this activity, you can ask students to do research on the global celebrations that are happening on this special day.

23. Design Tissue Paper Turkey

Ask students to shed out their creativity by designing a tissue paper turkey.

They can do good research to design it to perfection and make it a competition to build a good spirit among the students. School can provide the materials needed to do the craft and the resulting adorable, non-edible turkey would be a treat to watch when it is made by little hands.

Also Check: Latest Updated Educational Apps Directory List 

24. Thanksgiving Classroom Decorations

Decorations are always part of Thanksgiving celebrations. Ask students to come up with ideas to decorate the classrooms and common areas of the school with Thanksgiving special decors.

This is also a craft activity for students as they design Thanksgiving cut-outs, letter banner, Turkey centerpieces, pumpkin spice sign, fall banners and more.

There are a lot more options and thanksgiving ideas to make the day even more fun. Students can take this opportunity to showcase their talents and creativity.

Teachers may consider the suggestions of students also before finalizing the list of activities. There are lots of printables and worksheets available online to help teachers to set up the day’s activities with ease.

Teachers can even come up with videos about Thanksgiving or simply a slideshow to introduce different celebrations and activities or ask a group of selected students to take up the role.

How Government Schools in Kerala is Changing the Way We Look at Them

When it comes to the education sector, Kerala has always had a success story in its credit. Over the last 10 years, the government schools in Kerala witnessed a rise in student strength.

Government schools in the villages and in the suburbs of the cities have started developing the basic infrastructure by introducing smart classrooms along with other needed facilities like a library, sports & games facilities, toilets and more.

All of this was made possible because the state has explored and pioneered various good governance models in the past. Most of the government schools in the villages imparted free education and encouraged students to join.

Besides, many entrepreneurs from Kerala, pursuing their business activities outside the state have been keen on developing the infrastructure of various government educational institutions in Kerala, as they came to know about their poor conditions.

UAE based Indian couple; Faizal and Shabana Kottikolon have literally changed the destiny of a school, located in the suburbs of a city in Kerala. They renovated a 120-year-old government school to a flag bearer of excellence. The Nadakkavu Government Vocational Higher Secondary School (GVHSS) for girls at Calicut is now internationally famed for its unique stature among other schools.

The school has been ranked as the No. 2 government school in India in the Educational World (EW) India School Rankings in 2019-2020.

It was in 2015, that the Nadakkavu GVHSS underwent an infrastructural transformation, owing to its crumbling status. The couple found the school is lacking basic infrastructure.

The school housed classes for around 2,400 girls but had only eight toilets. Nutrition problems were another major issue. Such a dilapidated condition of the school even resulted in absenteeism and a high dropout rate.

Faizal and Shabana joined hands with Mr. Pradeep Kumar, local MLA and developed the school with international standards.

New classrooms along with sophisticated and well-stocked library were built. Old walls were pulled down and designed new ones.

Teacher’s training programs were introduced through IIM Calicut. All these improved the self-esteem of the students as well as teachers.

The major attraction of the school is an Astroturf stadium, considered to be the first in any school in the State.

The news has gone its rounds in social media and entrepreneurs across the world appreciated and started following the generous act initiated by Faizal and Shabana. Sharing with you a comment posted by one such person who has been inspired by the couple.

Similarly, a school in Malappuram district of  Kerala also went through an infrastructure overhaul, interestingly with the aid from an IAS officer, management students from a premier institute, and the local community.

Established in 1918, the Government Lower Primary School, at Pookkottur in Kerala’s Malappuram district had less than 200 students in 2015-16.

With the combined effort taken by Muhammed Ali Shihab, a 2011 batch IAS officer of the Nagaland cadre along with PTA, a group of students and the local community, the school today houses 470 students.

Using local MP and MLA funds, they raised Rs 1.75 crore and the school now has smart classrooms, a library, restrooms, an air-conditioned auditorium, amphitheater, a children’s park and a botanical garden.

 

Nobel Prize Winners in Economics 2019

Nobel Prize is one of the most prestigious awards bestowed for excellence in academic and scientific achievements. It is actually a set of awards given in various categories including Literature, Peace, Physics, Chemistry, Economics, Physiology and Medicine. It is presented by Swedish and Norwegian institutions.

History of Nobel Prize

Nobel Prize obtained its name after Alfred Bernhard Nobel, a Swedish businessman. Born on October 21, 1833, Alfred Nobel has many credits with his name.

Nobel Prize Winners in Economics

He was a scientist, inventor, chemist, engineer and moreover a philanthropist. He had about 355 patents including dynamite. Moreover the element nobelium was named after Alfred Nobel.

Finally, in his will, Nobel instructed that a huge part of his assets should be set aside for the establishment of an award. Since then the Nobel Prize is funded by his personal fortune.

The Legacy Continues

It was in 1901 when the first Nobel Prizes were awarded. Since then the legacy continues. The United States of America has won the most number of Nobel Prizes until now. Just below is the United Kingdom.

Nobel Prize in Economics 2019

Abhijit Banerjee, Esther Duflo, and Michael Kremer shares 2019 Nobel Prize in Economics

The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences has recently announced the prestigious Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences; this time for an Indian- American Abhijit Banerjee, his wife Esther Duflo and Michael Kremer. While Banerjee and Duflo work at Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Michael Kremer pursues his research works at Harvard University.

The trio jointly won the accolade for its experimental approach to alleviate global poverty. Reportedly, more than five million children in Indian schools, all of them part of remedial tutoring programs, got benefitted from the experimental programs put forward by the trio.

As per the statement released by the Academy, the research conducted by the 2019 Economic Sciences Laureates has considerably improved the ability to fight global poverty. In just two decades, the new experiment-based approach has transformed development economics, which is now a flourishing field of research.

Abhijit Banerjee

Nobel Prize Winners in Economics

poverty is not just a lack of money; it is not having the capability to realize one’s full potential as a human being.” – Abhijit Banerjee (Click to Tweet)

Abhijit Vinayak Banerjee is an Indian-born American scientist. Born 21 February 1961, Abhijit Banerjee completed his studies at the University of Calcutta, Jawaharlal Nehru University and Harvard University. He received his Ph.D. in 1988.

At present, he is the Ford Foundation International Professor of Economics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He is the co-founder of Abdul Latif Jameel Poverty Action Lab along with his wife who shared Nobel Prize and Sendhil Mullainathan.

A winner of Infosys prize, he also served as the president of the Bureau for the Research in the Economic Analysis of Development and a Research Associate of the NBER, CEPR and more. He is also a writer who has in credit four books and large number of articles.

Esther Duflo

Nobel Prize Winners in Economics

“Awareness of our problems thus does not necessarily mean that they get solved. I t may just mean that we are able to perfectly anticipate where we will fall.” ― Esther Duflo (Click to Tweet)

A French-American Economist, Esther Duflo is the Professor of Poverty Alleviation and Development Economics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. She shared the 2019 Nobel Prize for Economics with her husband Abhijit Banerjee and Michael Kremer. She is also a co-founder of Abdul Latif Jameel Poverty Action Lab.

Also Read: 10 Nobel Prize Winners From India You Should Know

A research associate in the National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER), Duflo is also a board member of the Bureau for Research and Economic Analysis of Development (BREAD), and director of the Center for Economic and Policy Research’s development economics program. She is the one among two women to win the Nobel Prize in Economics.

Michael Kremer

Kremer is an American development economist and a Gates professor. He was graduated from Harvard University and was a postdoc at Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He received the prestigious MacArthur Fellowship and was named Young Global Leader by the World Economic Forum.

The Second Woman to win the Nobel Prize

With the announcement, Esther Duflo, a French Development Aid Economist has become the second woman to win the Nobel Prize after Elinor Ostrom from United States.

“Showing that it is possible for a woman to succeed and be recognized for success I hope is going to inspire many, many other women to continue working and many other men to give them the respect they deserve,” said Duflo after winning the prize.

In 2018, William Nordhaus and Paul Romer from the United States won the prize.

500+ Words Essay on Rabindranath Tagore

Essay on Rabindranath Tagore: Rabindranath Tagore, a great Indian poet, novelist, song composer, playwright, and a great scholar was born in Calcutta on the 7th of May in 1861.His birthday is marked as Rabindranath Tagore Jayanthi. He was born in a rich and orthodox Brahmin family. His parents were Maharsi Debendranath Tagore and Sarada Devi.His mother died when he was just fourteen years old.Commonly known as Gurudev, he was also known by the name Rabindranath Thakur.

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Early life and Childhood Days

Among Tagore’s siblings, he was the youngest. From a small age, he lost his mother. His father was a traveler, so he was raised by his maids and servants at home.

essay on rabindranath tagore

Right from his childhood, he developed his interest in writing poetry and proved his excellence in the future.

He was a multi-talented person in every sense. He was a painter, story- writer, humanist, patriot, novelist, philosopher, and educationalist.

Also Read: 10 Nobel Prize Winners From India You Should Know

In his early days, he never attended schools and pursued his studies under the guidance of private teachers at home. However, he went to England for his higher studies.

Tagore and his family were interested in Bengal renaissance and took active participation in it.

At the age of sixteen, he started publishing his poetry work. Interestingly it was published under the pseudonym Bhanushingho (Sun Lion).

The great classical poet, Kalidasa has influenced Tagore and he started writing classical poems. His sister Swarnakumari was also a well – known novelist.

In 1873, he went for a tour with his father for several months and he acquired knowledge about various subjects. While staying at Amristar he learned about Sikhism and he pens down almost six poems and some articles on the religion.

Education

Tagore’s formal education was in Brighton, East Sussex, England.

In 1878 that he went to England to study law but he returned back to India before completing studies as he wanted to fulfill his passion to become a poet and a writer.

He began learning the works of Shakespeare on his own. He was interested to learn English, Scottish, and Irish literature and music.

essay on rabindranath tagore

Afterward, he returned to India and married his soul mate Mrinalini Devi.

Established Shantiniketan

It was Tagore’s father who put forward the idea of Shantiniketan.

The concept of “Ashram” was founded by Debendranath Tagore in 1863. Tagore founded an open-air school.

Image – PathaBhavana

It was a prayer hall, named as “Mandir’. It was also called “Patha Bhavana’ which included only five students at the beginning.

Guru-Shishya’s method of teaching was used. This trend of teaching was observed beneficial to the modern education system.

In the meantime he becomes very famous and also he was the first Asian to receive Nobel Laureate. Today, Shantiniketan is a famous University town in West Bengal.

Literary Works

Tagore made a great effort to introduce Indian culture to the West and vice versa.

Tagore’s most famous work, Geetanjali, was translated during his long ocean journey to European nation.

He was awarded the laurels for literature for the work Geetanjali.

His spiritual and mercurial poems are still remembered today.

In 1913 he became the first Indian to receive the Nobel Prize for Literature. Thus he made a notable contribution to Indian literature.

His contributions are enormous and also unforgettable.

National anthems of India and Bangladesh are taken from his work Rabindrasangeet and are famous.

Even today, the creative writings of Tagore, whether in the form of poems or stories, are unquestionable. Through his sharp and brilliant writings he tried to bridge the gap between east and west. Perhaps he was the first Indian writer to come up such attempt.

He believed in the concept of brotherhood, power of love and peace

His main aim of writing was to bring people very closer.

He had delineated well concerning love and harmony through his poetry and stories.

The love and harmony towards one another are clearly reflected in his whole life and writings.

His commitment towards the country is clearly portrayed in the quoted statement,

“My country that is forever India, the country of my forefathers, the country of my children, my country has given me life and strength.”

And again, “I shall be born in India again.”

Tagore’s major contribution towards Indian English literature includes his most prominent works such as Chitra, Naivedya, Sonar Tari, Kalpana etc.

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His major novels are Malini, Gora, Raja and Rani, Chitrangda,  Binodhini Nauka Dubai etc.

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His spiritual and religious power helped him to withstand during the days of sufferings.

He was a good educationalist and hence supported associate residence of peace. And he founded the unique university named Santiniketan., an abode of art enthusiasts.

He passed away on 7th August in 1941 in Kolkata unfortunately before seeing India got independence.

20 Simple Assessment Strategies You Can Use Every Day

Daily assessment is indispensable for better molding of individuals.

Teaching is not only the art of covering the topics, but it is also about passing the knowledge to the students in real-time.

The assessment of individuals takes place only when the exams are done.

There isn’t always time to help the students to sort their weaknesses and misunderstandings after the tests have been graded.  For that, we can depend upon a few assessment strategies to help students.

Here is a list of simple assessment strategies to use every day for teaching, planning and curriculum designing.

1. Come up with Open-Ended Questions

For an effective and better assessment of the students, always remember to ask open-ended questions.

Avoid “yes/no” type questions and phrases like “Do you like to read?”. Because students always tend to reply “yes” to the questions you ask.

Instead of “yes/no” questions, ask open-ended questions that will help children to improve their imagination skills and to develop ideas.

2) Ask Students to Reflect

During the last session of the class, the teacher can ask the students to explain what they have learned. It is one of the finest assessment strategies teachers can rely on.

The students can apply the concepts or ideas in such practical situations.

3) Use Quizzes

At the end of the class, students can be given a few quizzes for better understanding and to check comprehension. This helps teachers to evaluate their students.

4) Ask Students to Summarize

The teacher can challenge students to summarize daily topics briefly.

It helps them to review what they have learned.

5) Hand Signals

Students can incorporate hand signals as a measure to indicate an understanding of the content. They can show five fingers to indicate full understanding, three fingers for mild confusion and one finger to show they need help. This strategy helps to engage all the students and teachers can check for understanding within the large group.

6) Response Cards

Students can use index cards, magnetic boards, whiteboards, and other items to indicate their feedback to the questions asked by the teacher. This method helps the teacher to quickly assess the students.

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7) Four Corners

In this method, corners of the class can be used to indicate, “firmly agree”, “firmly disagree”, “agree somewhat” and “not sure”.

When the teacher asks a question, students can take any of the four corners to point out their opinion.

8) Think -Pair-Share

For the question asked by the teacher, the students can take a few minutes to think about the solution, then they can pair with a partner and share their ideas and present before the class.

9) Choral Reading

Students mark text for a particular theory or concept. They read the marked text in unison with the teacher. This method helps to improve reading and listening skills, differentiate between the reading of statements, dialogue, questions, etc.

10) One Question Quiz

As an assessment strategy, the teacher comes up with a single focused question allowing the students to answer within a few minutes either written or orally. The question should cover the main theme or concept of the daily lesson.

11) Socratic Seminar 

A formal discussion based on the text, regarding a particular concept or idea. Students ask questions to each other and it continues with a series of discussions and responses. Within the context of discussions, the students share ideas and opinions.

12) 3-2-1

At the end of the class, the students consider and analyze what they have learned.

(3) What they understood,

(2) What they need to know more about and

(1) What are the questions or doubts they have?

13) Ticket Out the Door

Students note down the response for a specific prompt. The teacher collects the briefly written ideas at the end of the class and analyzes the responses of the students.

14) Journal Reflections

Reflections of each lesson can be summarized by the students. The places they need more help, the ideas conveyed, strategies they found helpful etc can be noted at the end of the class.

15) Formative Pencil–Paper Assessment

A short pencil- paper assessment is an easy way to monitor the things learned by the individuals. The teacher asks the students to self-correct. The teacher collects assessments and analyzes the results individually to examine student progress and also give instructions.

16) Misconception Check

Present before the students a common or predictable misconception relating to the topics they’ve covered. Ask to comment and explain the reason for agreeing or disagreeing.

17) Analogy Prompts

Making use of comparisons is a powerful tool. Periodically, give students an analogy prompt,” the idea being learned is like _____ because of _______”.

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18) Practice Frequency

Always try to revise the topic or concept learned. It helps in better understanding least three times, minimum.

19) Use Variety

Teachers should make use of different individual and group techniques to check what students know. The same technique should not be repeated during a single class.

20) Peer Instruction

It is the most effective assessment strategies to analyze the understanding of individuals. Let the students explain to each other what they have learned. The method helps to improve leadership qualities, communication, etc.

Union Territories of India 2022: Names, Capitals, Largest and Smallest UTs

Union Territories of India

 A union territory is a form of administrative division, where the ruling power directly vests upon the hands of the Union government (Central government), and hence termed as “Union Territory”.

As we all know, India, the 7th largest country in the world, is distinct from the rest of Asia, with mountains and seas. The country has got a unique geographical entity of its own.

It is a democratic, sovereign, socialist and secular republic with a Parliamentary system of Government.

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It is one of the ancient civilizations with a rich cultural heritage and scenic beauty.

What are the Union Territories (UT) of India?

In a union territory, President is the constitutional head and these union territories are administered by the President through an Administrator appointed by him/her.

In India, each union territory of India has a unique democracy, culture, value, history, festival, language, dress etc.

These Union Territories of India have special rights and status due to their process of formation and development.

For the ease of governance, each union territory is divided and sub-divided into smaller administrative blocks, where the villages form the smallest blocks.

How many Union Territories are there in India?

There are 8 union territories in India, each of them with their unique identities

All these union territories are developing alarmingly in India for different sectors such as tourism, industry, infrastructure, etc.

Dadra and Nager Haveli and Daman and Diu are well known for its beautiful beaches, Portuguese forts and churches and on the other hand, Delhi is famous for the heritage sites and old monuments, and Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep for pristine beaches

In this blog, we will discuss the Union Territories of India (largest and smallest), their names, and their uniqueness.

1. ANDAMAN & NICOBAR

union territories

Capital Port Blair
Population 380,520
Union Territories of India map Direction
Area 8,250 sq km
Languages Bengali, Hindi, Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam, Nicobarese
Official Language(s) Hindi, English
State Bird Andaman Wood Pigeon
State Tree Andaman Padauk
State animal Dugong
State flower Andaman Pyinma

Andaman and Nicobar Island is a beautiful piece of land with shimmering beaches and lagoons of turquoise blue waters blended with a bit of history.  This place is tucked around 1,400km away from the east coast of India.

Andaman and Nicobar islands comprise of 572 islands, in which only 37 islands are inhabited and a few are open to the tourists.

This was the first union territory of India that was established in the year 1956.

The British used these islands to hold prisoners, mainly Indian freedom fighters. The local tribes of Jarwa and Great Andamanese maintain an aloof existence to this day.

The scenic beach of Havelock and Neil Islands and lagoons with crystal clear water invites tourists to have a peaceful, laid-back holiday. Scuba diving is the favorite sport of holidaymakers at Andaman

2. CHANDIGARH

union territories of india

Capital Chandigarh city
Population 1102360
Union Territories of India map Direction
Area 114 sq km
Languages Punjabi, English, Hindi
Official Language(s) English
State Bird Indian Grey Hornbill
State Tree Mango tree
State animal Indian Grey Mongoose
State flower Dhak Flower

Chandigarh, though a Union territory, is the capital of both Punjab and Haryana.

It has the status of a city and union territory at the same time. It was constituted on November 1, 1966.

The state of Haryana lies to the east and the state of Punjab on all the other three sides. The city was designed by a French architect, Le Corbusier. The Secretariat, Legislative Assembly, and Capitol complex buildings were built by him.

Chandigarh is known as the green city of India. The famous rock garden featuring sculptures made of stone and recycled material by Nek Chand, the Sukhna Lake, the rose garden, and the terraced garden are major attractions of the city.

3. DADRA & NAGAR HAVELI and DAMAN & DIU (Will come into effect on 26th January 2020)

Capital Daman
Population 5,85,764
Union Territories of India map Direction
Area 491 sq km
Languages Gujarati, Konkani, Marathi, Hindi
Official Language(s) Gujarati
State Bird Not yet designated
State Tree Not yet designated
State animal Not yet designated
State flower Not yet designated

From 26th January 2020, Dadra and Nager Haveli and Daman and Diu are to be combined into a single union territory with reference to the legislation passed by the Government of India.

This merging came into force in order to reduce administrative costs and duplication of services. Daman is considered to be the new capital of this newly found union territory.

list of union territories in india

Dadra and Nagar Haveli, located on the west coast of India.

The regions were part of Portuguese India. They were merged with India as a union territory in 1961.  Dadra, the smaller region, is in Gujarat. Nagar Haveli lies in between Maharashtra and Gujarat.

The Portuguese heritage, the greenery, and the scenic beauty of the land welcome tourists from around the world. The beautiful lake garden Vanganga is located at the entrance to the city.

Daman and Diu, located on the west coast of India.

They were part of Portuguese India even after independence. Daman and Diu became part of the Union Territory of Goa in 1961.

Later Goa was handed separate statehood in 1987, thus making Daman and Diu a separate Union Territory.

Daman and Diu have a mixed culture featuring Indian and Portuguese. The territory with its beaches, scenic beauty, forts, and Portuguese churches is a popular tourist destination.

4. NATIONAL CAPITAL TERRITORY OF DELHI

all union territories of india

Capital New Delhi
Population 18.98 million
Union Territories of India map Direction
Area 1,483 sq km
Languages Punjabi, Hindi, Urdu and English
Official Language(s) Hindi, English
State Bird House Sparrow
State Tree Flamboyant
State animal Nilgai
State flower Alfa Alfa Flower

Delhi is a union territory and also the national capital of India. Delhi is governed by its own legislature as like in other states of India.

It was awarded the status of union territory in 1956. The territory is bordered by Uttar Pradesh on the east and by Haryana on all other sides.

Old Delhi is synonymous with a history dating back to 1600. The monuments like Qutub Minar, Red Fort, Jama Masjid, Mughal era tombs, and Mughal Gardens, Rashtrapati Bhavan, India Gate are places where history comes alive.

5. JAMMU & KASHMIR

capital of union territories of india

Capital Srinagar & Jammu
Population 12.55 million
Union Territories of India map Direction
Area 222,236 sq km
Languages Urdu, Dogri, Kashmiri, Pahari, Balti, Gojri and Dari
Official Language(s) Urdu
State Bird Black Necked Crane
State Tree Chinar
State animal Hangul
State flower Lotus

The state of Jammu & Kashmir was divided into two union territories – Ladakh and J&K in August 2019.  Jammu & Kashmir was denoted as a union territory with a legislature of its own similar to Delhi and Puducherry.

The special status provided to the Jammu and Kashmir on the basis of Article 370 of the Constitution of India was withdrawn.

It would re-constitute the state of Jammu and Kashmir into two union territories, Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh. The act will be effective from October 31, 2019.

The state’s terrain is mostly mountainous. Thorn scrub and grass form the vegetation.

Agriculture is done on terraced slopes. Rice is the chief crop. Corn, millet, pulses, barley, wheat, cotton, and tobacco are also cultivated in accordance with the seasons. The region is the sole producer of saffron in India.

Jammu & Kashmir, known as the Paradise on earth, is famous for the snow-capped mountains and glaciers.

The region abounds in nature’s splendor with lakes, meadows, valleys, and evergreen forests. The temples of Amarnath and Vaishno Devi are pilgrim centers. Gulmarg, Shalimar Bagh, Dal Lake, Khardung La pass are the most beautiful places to visit.

6. LADAKH

union territories of india map

Capital Leh
Population 274,289
Union Territories of India map Direction
Area 59,146 km²
Languages Urdu, English, Ladakhi, Urdu, Tibetan
Official Language(s) Ladakhi, Tibetan, Urdu and Balti
State Bird necked crane
State Tree
State animal
State flower

Ladakh was classified as a union territory in August 2019 administered by India. Prior to this, Ladakh was a part of the state of Jammu & Kashmir.

The region lies in the northern part of India. Ladakh consists of two districts,  Leh and Kargil.

Ladakhi culture is similar to Tibetan culture. The principal language of Ladakhi is the Tibetan language. Ladakhi food is similar to Tibetan food.

Tourism forms a major part of the economy. The Pangong Lake, Magnetic Hill, Zanskar valley, monasteries and Leh Palace are sights to be seen in Ladakh.  It is a land of high altitude mountain passes.

7. LAKSHADWEEP

lakshadweep

Capital Kavaratti
Population 64,429
Union Territories of India map Direction
Area 32.62 sq km
Languages Malayalam, English
Official Language(s) Malayalam
State Bird Noddy tern
State Tree Bread Fruit tree
State animal Butterfly Fish
State flower Neelakurinji flower

Lakshadweep is the smallest of all union territories of india in terms of size and population.

The islands were a part of Madras until it was separated in 1956 and made a union territory.

It was called Laccadive, Minicoy and Aminidvi prior to being renamed Lakshadweep in 1973. The island lies in the sea Laccadive southwest of the Indian mainland.

Coconut palms are the mainstay of the island. Fishing forms a major segment of the economy. Tourism is promoted though with caution to prevent environmental damage.

The archipelago of 36 islands and coral reefs are mostly uninhabited. The largest city is Andrott. The islands of Minicoy, Agatti and Bangaram are famous for their coral reefs, beaches and pristine blue waters.

8. PUDUCHERRY (PONDICHERRY)

indian union territories

Capital Puducherry
Population 241,773
Union Territories of India map Direction
Area 479 sq km
Languages Tamil, French, English, Malayalam, Telugu
Official Language(s) French, English, Malayalam, Telugu
State Bird Koel
State Tree Bael fruit tree
State animal Indian palm squirrel
State flower Cannon ball flower

Puducherry is located on the southeast coastline of India in the state of Tamil Nadu. Pondicherry was formed out of the former French colonies of Mahe, Pondicherry, Karaikal, and Yanam in the year 1954. These places are now districts under Puducherry.

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Puducherry shares most of its culture and language with Tamil Nadu. Farming of rice, pulses, sugarcane, coconuts, and cotton is done. Tourism promotes the town’s quaint French legacy.

Puducherry is often referred to as the Riviera of the East due to the French influence. The Aurobindo Ashram, churches, beaches, and seaside promenades promise serenity and tranquility to all travelers.

Have a look at Video representation about States and Union Territories of India

Which is the largest Union Territory of India?

Andaman & Nicobar Islands (8,249 sq km)

Andaman and Nicobar Island is a beautiful piece of the island with shimmering beaches and lagoons of turquoise blue waters blended with a bit of history.  This place is tucked around 1,400km away from the east coast of India.

Andaman and Nicobar Islands comprise of 572 islands, in which only 37 islands are inhabited and a few are open to the tourists.

Which is the smallest Union Territory of India?

Goa (3,702 sq km)

Goa is the smallest union territory of India which is situated on the west coast of the Arabian Sea. This place is the main spot of tourist attraction with beautiful beaches, churches etc. Other appealing features of Goa are its flora, fauna, world heritage- listed architectures etc.

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Union Territories of India: History

During the time of Independence, union territories were not part of India and were too small to be made as a state.   And it was decided by the States Reorganization Commission in 1956, to form these under a special category named as “Union Territory”.

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At the time of formation, these union territories were economically unbalanced and financially weak, as it was not able for them to survive independently. And thus union territories were formed under the direct control of the Central government.

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