Chandrayaan 2 – India’s most awaited second mission to moon set out its way to Moon on 14 July 2019 at 2.51pm. People around the globe had been staying curious about this follow-up mission and its launch since Chandrayaan 1 – the first successful moon mission attempt by ISRO (India Space Research Organisation).
Chandrayaan 2 was rescheduled several times due to different technical reasons. However, breaking all barriers, it has embarked on its journey with the key objective of mapping lunar water.
Here are a few interesting facts about India’s second Moon Mission
Let’s Have a Look into the Details,
The orbiter weighs 2379 kg and consists of
Terrain Mapping Camera – for three-dimensional mapping of the lunar surface.
Spectrometers – measure spectral components and observes water molecules.
Synthetic Aperture Radar – used to create two-dimensional images or three-dimensional reconstructions of objects
Radio Occultation – a remote sensing technique used for measuring the physical properties of a planetary atmosphere.
Solar X-Ray Monitor– Observes emission of solar X-ray. It is built and fed to perform the observations one earth year on the orbit.
Chandrayaan 2 lander is also called as ‘Vikram’ in commemoration of Vikram Sarabhai. It weighs 1471 kg and it includes the rover as well. Lander can correspond to the Indian deep space network, the Orbitor, and the Rover.
It consists of highly advanced instruments for collecting accurate data such as;
Camera – to map out the terrains and landing site of Lander and Rover.
Seismometer -an instrument that responds to ground motions, eg- earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, and explosions.
Thermal profiler – recording and interpreting the temperatures of products and/or air through a conveyorized heat-treating process .
Langmuir probe – a device used to determine the electron temperature, electron density, and electric potential of a plasma.
Laser retroreflector – Device or surface that reflects radiation (light) back to its source with a minimum of scattering.
ISRO loves to call chandrayaan 2 Rover as Prayag- which means- wisdom in Sanskrit.
The rover is a 6-wheel- a solar-powered vehicle which can travel up to 500m at a speed of 1 cm/sec. It is expected to last one lunar day.
It will deploy within moments after the soft-landing. It can communicate with the Lander directly.
This vehicle is equipped with advanced Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscope to carry out lunar observations, Alpha-proton X-ray spectrometers, and subsequent instruments.
Children, hope you got a quick and decent understanding of Chandrayaan 2.
Space science is an endless subject, each finding inspires another and every discovery is exciting.
Delve deep into it you can find precious pearls that can redefine the universe.
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