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Career Development: Stages, Importance, Strategies and Types

Tuesday December 31, 2019

Career development is a continual process that can bring optimal results with efficient management of one’s own time and resources. The development process involves a thorough understanding of various aspects of work and life and the ways to balance both.

Self-development plays a major role in career development.

Some of the primary aspects we need to focus on for proper self-development are:

  • Values: Assessing one’s values will help to choose a career that aligns with those values. This step will create a deep interest in the work you do and generates job satisfaction.
  • Interests: Find out the things that capture your attention, focus, and motivation. They could be things that you may or may not like. Finding opportunities with similar interests will help in maximizing your potential.
  • Personality: Self-reflect and identify your qualities as an individual. Are you a team player, socially extrovert or introvert, answers to these questions will help in narrowing down the options that are best suited for your personality. The negative side to your personality should also be paid heed, too and should be worked on to achieve success at work.
  • Skills: The skills you acquire will determine the progress in your career. Learning new skills, reskilling or upskilling, and gaining acumen on existing skills will significantly improve one’s career trajectory.

Various Stages involved in Career Development

stages of career development

1) Self Assessment

A self-evaluation can help to gather information on your strengths, weaknesses, and potential areas for growth. This information is vital for the proper mapping of a career plan.

2) Exploring Options

This step helps in narrowing down career options as per industry trends, educational qualifications, work environment, etc. It is important to consider the data gathered during self-assessment while exploring your options.

3) Plan your Actions

Once you have decided on career options, set a goal. After setting your goal, plan the process of action on attaining the goal. The process must include prioritizing tasks, action planning, and reality testing.

4) Find you’re at the Right Job

This step primarily deals with marketing your talent using various tools and job networking modes. With the information gathered during the first three steps, you can create a personal brand, which is the most effective strategy in gathering the attention of recruiters. You can also opt for social and online networking, applications on job portals, etc.

Strategies for Career Development 

stages of career development

Listed below are a few effective strategies that can help with career development.

1) Personal Development Plan

It helps in improving and refining one’s capabilities, knowledge, and goals. It helps in enhancing performance, efficiency, and overall satisfaction of work and life. SWOT analysis is the primary technique used for this process.

2) Planning

Proper planning helps in deciding the end goal and the strategies to attain such a goal. One of the key aspects of career planning involves breaking the plan down into fine-tuned objectives, which can be grouped in the form of projects, marketing, communication, job search, etc.

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3) Career Direction

This step plays an important role in crafting of one’s present and future goals. There are several types of career directions.

4) Vertical

The hierarchical climb in an organization

5) Horizontal

Moving from one sector to another for the purpose of job growth, salary, versatile experience, etc.

6) Strategic

Trying various job roles to figure out the eventual best-suited job role organization.

7) Domain Knowledge

Gaining acumen in a specific sector or profession.

8) Time Management

With the advent of modern technology and the rapid pace in advancement, time management plays a crucial role in career development. Proper time management can relieve stress and help to create the ideal balance between work and life. Here are some of the techniques used for efficient time management.

  • Attention span: Assess the amount of time one could focus on a task
  • To-Do list- Create a list of tasks that needs to be completed
  • Discipline- Develop the ability to concentrate on any task
  • Efficiency- Reduce wasting time and other resources
  • Timeboxing- Set a time limit to complete a planned task

9) Training and Development

This process involves gaining skills, acumen, and knowledge of particular interest.

Types of Career Development

Types of Career Development

1) Career Management

The following tools aid in efficient career management.

  • Career Goals: A well-defined goal or a fundamental objective that all the above-listed processes eventually lead towards attaining.
  • Goal planning: The process of goal planning is crucial for achieving the end goals. Some of the examples for effective goal planning include creating goal list, determining strategy, risk prioritization, etc.
  • Objectives: These are tasks that need to be achieved to reach an end goal.
  • Failing upwards: The concept of failing upwards relates to having a positive outlook on failures. It also encourages one to see failures as a stepping stone for a better career by having open discussions about shortcomings and learning from new experiences. The following are various aspects of failing upwards.
  • Counter Signaling: Open-minded conversation about one’s failures
  • Bias for Action: The process of taking risks without over-analyzing. This has a tendency for a lot of failures
  • Innovation: Failures in an innovative enterprise provide a lot of learning and experience

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2) Career change

An understanding of the following factors can simplify the process of a career change.

  • Career goals: These are long term goals that define an individual’s ambition
  • Quality of life: The wellbeing of the individual with regards to health, food, shelter, community, education, happiness, the standard of living, safety, culture, etc.

3) Work-Life Balance

The satisfaction obtained from both work and personal life. A good work-life balance means an understanding of objectives, managing expectations, time management, productivity, and work-life integration

4) Risk Analysis

It involves the application of risk assessment and possible remedies. Some of the common techniques used for risk management include analyzing risk capacity, risk estimate, risk exposure, etc.

Conclusion

Like said before, Career development is a constant process and what you need to do is enhance your abilities and skills so as to thrive in your respective career. Proper planning and strategies for the same may help you achieve the success you wish for.

Frequently Asked Question(s)

Career development is the progressive process of improving one’s skills and abilities to achieve the goals and objectives of career growth. A successful career growth results from the hard work and passion towards one’s goals and the efforts they put forward. Individuals accomplish in grabbing new opportunities in life to achieve a successful career growth.

Some of the career development goals include- improve your communication skills. Get a promotion, increase professional knowledge, earn more, attain a leadership role etc. Setting career development goals are beneficial for you to shape your career.

It is essential to have career development plans. For it makes your road easier towards your dream job/career. Before starting your career, set a short term and a long term goal. Once you step into your short term goal, start taking steps to move forward. It helps to catch your bright dream future.

You are the only person responsible for your career development. No matter what happens, hold on your dreams and move forward. Always believe in yourself and the things you can do. Stay updated with the changes happening around and be willing to learn new things. Keep on reading and take steps to sharp your skills always.

The major objectives of career development are to improve better communication in your organization, to respect the feelings of other employees, to improve team-building skills, healthy ways to deals with your stress, emotions, and conflicts, etc.

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